Android Studio is the official integrated development environment (IDE) for Google’s Android operating system, built on JetBrains’ IntelliJ IDEA software and designed specifically for Android development. It is available for download on Windows, macOS, and Linux based operating systems. It is a replacement for the Eclipse Android Development Tools (ADT) as the primary IDE for native Android application development.
Android Studio was announced on May 16, 2013, at the Google I/O conference. It was in early access preview stage starting from version 0.1 in May 2013, then entered beta stage starting from version 0.8 which was released in June 2014. The first stable build was released in December 2014, starting from version 1.0.
Since 7 May 2019, Kotlin is Google’s preferred language for Android app development. Still, other languages are supported, including Android Studio.
Features of Android Studio
The following features are provided in the current stable version. Android Studio supports all the same programming languages of IntelliJ (and CLion) e.g. Java, C++, and more with extensions, such as Go; and Android Studio 3.0 or later supports Kotlin and “all Java 7 language features and a subset of Java 8 language features that vary by platform version.” External projects backport some Java 9 features. While IntelliJ that Android Studio is built on supports all released Java versions, and Java 12, it’s not clear to what level Android Studio supports Java versions up to Java 12 (the documentation mentions partial Java 8 support). At least some new language features up to Java 12 are usable in Android.
Create complex layouts with
ConstraintLayout by adding constraints from each view to other views and guidelines. Then preview your layout on any screen size by selecting one of the various device configurations or by simply resizing the preview window.
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Find opportunities to reduce your Android app size by inspecting the contents of your app APK file, even if it wasn’t built with Android Studio. Inspect the manifest file, resources, and DEX files. Compare two APKs to see how your app size changed between app versions.
Install and run your apps faster than with a physical device and simulate different configurations and features, including ARCore, Google’s platform for building augmented reality experiences.
Write better code, work faster, and be more productive with an intelligent code editor that provides code completion for Kotlin, Java, and C/C++ languages.
Powered by Gradle, Android Studio’s build system allows you to customize your build to generate multiple build variants for different devices from a single project.
The built-in profiling tools provide realtime statistics for your app’s CPU, memory, and network activity. Identify performance bottlenecks by recording method traces, inspecting the heap and allocations, and see incoming and outgoing network payloads.
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Extra Features of Android Studio
- Gradle-based build support.
- Android-specific refactoring and quick fixes.
- Lint tools to catch performance, usability, version compatibility, and other problems.
- ProGuard integration and app-signing capabilities.
- Template-based wizards to create common Android designs and components.
- A rich layout editor that allows users to drag-and-drop UI components, option to preview layouts on multiple screen configurations.
- Support for building Android Wear apps.
- Built-in support for Google Cloud Platform, enabling integration with Firebase Cloud Messaging (Earlier ‘Google Cloud Messaging’) and Google App Engine.
- Android Virtual Device (Emulator) to run and debug apps in the Android studio.
Setup Android Studio
Android Studio is the official IDE for android application development. It works based on IntelliJ IDEA, You can download the latest version of the android studio from above link, If you are new to installing Android Studio on windows, you will find a file, So just download and run on windows machine according to android studio wizard guideline.
If you are installing Android Studio on Mac or Linux, You can download the latest version from Android Studio Mac Download, or Android Studio Linux Download, check the instructions provided along with the downloaded file for Mac OS, and Linux. This tutorial will consider that you are going to set up your environment on a Windows machine having Windows operating system.
So let’s launch Android Studio.exe, Make sure before launch Android Studio, Our Machine should be required installed Java JDK.